December 17th. A day to remember and celebrate in aviation history. First flights. Last flights. Without December 17th we might not even have a place like Avgeekery.com to read about aviation and aerospace technology. The first of many first flights we recognize is that of the Wright Brothers, who made four powered controlled flights in their Wright Flyer at Kitty Hawk, North Carolina on December 17th in 1903. Wilbur and Orville spent years working on the design of their Flyer before they achieved success. Their first flight was only 120 feet- less than the wingspan of many modern aircraft. By the end of the day they had flown a distance 850 feet once. Aviation has come a long way!
Fast forward to 1935. The Douglas DC-3 flew for the first time. This pioneering aircraft entered airline service with American Airlines in 1936. Only 607 DC-3s were built, but add the military C-47 derivatives and the number jumps to 16,079 examples of C-47 Dakotas/Skytrains and C-53 Skytroopers built by Douglas, more than 4,900 Lisunov Li-2 Cabs license-built in the Soviet Union, and 487 L2D Type 0 Tabby transports built by Showa and Nakajima in Japan during World War II. Hundreds of these experienced DC-3 and derivative airframes still fly today.
In 1941, an American Curtiss P-40E Warhawk pilot became the first United States Army Air Corps (USAAC) ace of World War II. First Lieutenant David “Buzz” Wagner was stationed in the Philippines with the 17th Pursuit Squadron Hooters of the 24th Pursuit Group. Only nine days after the Japanese began their assault on the Philippines, Wagner achieved his fifth aerial victory. Wagner went on to tally eight victories, the final three while flying Bell P-39D Airacobras with the 35th Fighter Squadron Pantones of the 8th Fighter Group, before he was sent home. At the time he was the youngest Lieutenant Colonel in the USAAC.
In 1944, Major Richard Ira Bong scored his 40th and final aerial victory while flying his P-38J-15-LO Lightning serial number 42-103993 over the Philippines. Bong’s tally of 40 aerial victories is the highest achieved by any other American pilot before or since. 5th Air Force commanding General George Kenney is fond of recounting how he discovered Bong while the two were stationed in the San Francisco area in 1942. Bong was supposedly guilty of buzzing houses and flying loops around the center span of the Golden Gate Bridge. Kenney, then with the 4th Air Force, was to reprimand the young Bong but leniency was his decision. Dick Bong later became one of Kenney’s “Kids.”
In 1947 the Boeing B-47 Stratojet strategic bomber flew for the first time. The B-47 became synonymous with Strategic Air Command (SAC) and the nation’s ability to not only defend itself but strike back in the event of, well, the end of the world. Boeing built more than 2,000 of these versatile bombers. The aircraft were used for electronic and photographic reconnaissance, weather reconnaissance, for testing weapons and systems in development, and as trainers and later as target drones. B-47s also starred in the 1955 movie “Strategic Air Command” and had a supporting role in 1957’s “Bombers B-52”. By the time December 17th 1954 rolled around Boeing had built the 1,000th B-47 for SAC.
In 1950 the North American F-86A Sabre jet fighter began operations over MiG Alley in Korea. Sabres from the 336th Fighter Squadron Rocketeers, led by Lieutenant Colonel Bruce H. Hinton, first tangled with MiG-15 fighters near the Yalu and scored a single kill. At first the early-model Sabres the American pilots, many of whom were World War II veterans and even some aces, were not as evenly matched with the MiGs as they would be when the improved F-86E variants later reached service. It wasn’t until years later that it became apparent that American F-86 pilots were actually engaged in aerial combat often times against Russian pilots flying those deadly MiG-15s.
In 1956 the Grumman E-1 Tracer airborne early warning aircraft flew for the first time. This derivative of Grumman’s versatile S-2 Tracker or Stoof antisubmarine warfare aircraft was better known as the Stoof With a Roof thanks to the large radar antenna housed in an aerodynamically neutral fairing mounted on top of the fuselage. Grumman went on to build only 88 Tracers but they served on American aircraft carriers around the world, protecting the carriers and the task forces with them from attack from airborne, surface, and subsurface threats until they were replaced once and for all in 1977 by Grumman’s E-2 Hawkeye. Let’s be real here Avgeeks…Stoof with a Roof is one of the best nicknames for an aircraft. Ever!
In 1963 Lockheed’s C-141 Starlifter flew for the first time. This strategic airlifter went on to serve honorably with the Air Force’s Military Air Transport Service (MATS) and as time wore on with Military Airlift Command (MAC) and eventually with Air Mobility Command (AMC). Starlifters also served in the Air Force Reserve (AFRES) and later Air Force Reserve Command (AFRC) in Airlift Wings (AW) and Air Mobility Wing (AMWs). During their 41 years of service C-141s also equipped Air National Guard (ANG) squadrons and finally one AMW of the Air Education and Training Command (AETC) dedicated to C-141, C-5, C-17 and KC-135 training.
In 1969 the USAF finally closed the book on Project Blue Book, the 22 year investigation into unidentified flying objects (UFOs). This program was actually divided into “eras” based upon who was running the vast and divergent investigations into sightings and strange goings on. Project Blue Book was supposed to determine if UFOs were a threat to national security and scientifically analyze UFO-related data. Over 22 years 12,618 UFO reports were investigated. The conclusions were predictable enough. UFOs were never a threat to national security, never completely unexplained or unexplainable, and there was no evidence that extraterrestrial vehicles were involved. But the controversy over UFOs and sightings thereof continue to this day. Is the truth out there?