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Come Along as a Tanker Crew Fuels the Thunderbirds Cross-Country

A USAF Thunderbird taking on 5,000 pounds of fuel 26k feet over Texas, en route from Nellie AFB, NV to Daytona Beach, FL. Photo: Mike Killian

The U.S. Air Force Thunderbirds travel the states throughout most of the year, conducting flybys of big events (such as Super Bowls and the Daytona 500) and performing at air shows nearly every week from spring – fall, showcasing the pride, precision and professionalism of airmen across the Air Force and demonstrating many of the capabilities of the F-16 for the general public.

But it takes a lot of work to get the team to each show site, week after week. Sometimes they can reach point B in one flight. However, there are times when the team needs to call on the help of refueling tanker crews for the longer routes, because landing the team, fueling all the jets, taking off again, 3 or 4 times in a day is not very efficient.

Photo: Mike Killian

U.S. global air superiority comes thanks, in large part, to aerial refuelers, such as KC-135 Stratotankers and their crews. The birds are old, dating back to the 50’s and 60’s, but they are well maintained and have been modified heavily over the years to expand its capabilities, efficiency, safety and reliability.

United States airpower simply would not be what it is today without mid-air refueling, and I was honored to join the 6th Air Mobility Wing, based out of MacDill AFB, Tampa, for one such mission last year.

The tanker was loaded with 60,000 pounds of fuel for Thunderbirds 1-6, and before the sun even rose it was wheels up at 6:10 a.m. for a 7.5 hour round-trip operation to New Mexico and back, call sign “Bolt 13”.

Venus shined bright to the west as dawn swept across Florida’s Gulf coast, marking the start of our flight and climb to 36,000 feet. Fuel stop #1 would occur in the skies over eastern New Mexico and western Texas.

The mission was fairly straightforward; refuel all 6 planes twice with 5,000 pounds each. Fueling takes just minutes; we met over NM at 400mph and 26,000 feet, each bird taking its turn as we crossed into Texas.

The boom operator lays down in front of a window to fuel the jets. On each side is a steel “bed”, where instructors and students can observe and train. For this day though it became my office too, shooting photos and video while laying down on my stomach. It’s not exactly comfortable – it’s cramped and cold, but the view is amazing.

Photo: Mike Killian

The tanker crew made refueling jets mid-air look easy, but linking up at 400mph is not something to take lightly; even minor mistakes can cost lives at 30,000 feet.

Anytime you fly formation with fighters it’s pretty neat to see their capabilities and what they can do and just how close they can really get,” said Captain Jonathan Barillas, pilot for our mission. “From our perspective up front it can get a little dicey, the bigger the airplane the harder it is. Our boom operators in the back really make it happen, they are the heroes of the day when it comes to air refueling.”

From that point on the team remained in a wide-spread formation with the tanker, all flying together until the F16’s were empty again over Louisiana.

Thunderbirds Delta formation. Photo: Mike Killian

One by one each pilot fueled up with another 5,000 pounds before Boss called upon the team’s signature 6-ship Delta Formation, their way of saying thanks to the tanker crew and providing a rare air-to-air formation photo-op with the team before going separate ways to opposite sides of Florida.

Without air refueling the Thunderbirds would have had to make 3 stops along the way to land and refuel”, said Barillas. “We are taking them back west to Nellis, too. It’s not a normal occurrence so it’s pretty cool.”

Photo: Mike Killian


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Mike Killian

Written by Mike Killian

Killian is an aerospace photographer and writer, with a primary focus on spaceflight and military and civilian aviation. Over the years his assignments have brought him onboard NASA's space shuttles, in clean rooms with spacecraft destined for other worlds, front row for launches of historic missions and on numerous civilian and military flight assignments.

When not working the California-native enjoys spending time with his family, traveling, storm chasing, producing time-lapses and shooting landscape and night sky imagery, as well as watching planes of course.

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