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Broken Arrow: Atomic Bombs Jettisoned Off Jersey Coast Still Missing

Old Shakey Was In Trouble and Two Mark 5 Atomic Bombs Had to Go

C-124 in flight. US Air Force photograph

Broken Arrow. The very phrase sets off alarms everywhere. On July 28th 1957, a Douglas C-124A Globemaster II airlifter departed Dover Air Force Base (AFB) in Delaware bound for Europe via the Azores. The C-124A was carrying three Mark 5 atomic bombs and a single nuclear capsule. The Mark 5s were in Complete Assembly for Ferry (CAF) condition– meaning no nuclear components were installed in the weapons. The power supplies were installed in the weapons but not connected. However, the Mark 5s did contain most of the high explosives used to implode the composite uranium/plutonium fissile material core- or the pit. Weather forecasts were favorable and the C-124A took off from Dover on time. But the C-124 would not be carrying everything it took off with when it landed. In New Jersey.

C-124s on Dover AFB flight line. US Air Force photo

The C-124A got into trouble off Cape May in southern New Jersey. Both port side Pratt & Whitney R-4360-63A Wasp Major radial engines lost power and had to be shut down; their propellers feathered. The crew attempted to compensate using increased power from the starboard engines but was unable to maintain controlled flight and the aircraft began losing altitude. Under those conditions the C-124A was not going to say aloft for long. Fuel required for the long over water trip to the Azores was probably at least partially dumped, but it wasn’t enough to keep the C-124A aloft.

C-124. US Air Force photograph

The closest suitable recovery airfield was Naval Air Station (NAS) Atlantic City, inland from the coastal resort town on the mainland in Egg Harbor. The crew was forced to lighten their airlifter to get there on two engines. They jettisoned a single Mark 5 device from an altitude of 4,500 feet roughly 75 miles off the New Jersey coast. The Globemaster II continued to lose altitude and a second Mark 5 device was jettisoned into the Atlantic from an altitude of 2,500 feet roughly 50 miles from the Garden State coastline. Very roughly.

Mark 5 atomic bomb. US Air Force photograph

Thus lightened, the C-124A was able to successfully recover at NAS Atlantic City, which was no small feat on only two mills. Neither of the jettisoned devices were seen or heard exploding on contact with the ocean but both were presumed destroyed by initial impact with the water anyway. A search for the weapons commenced almost immediately, but no trace of either of the bombs was found over three months of high-effort searching, or during the 61 years since they were deposited in the drink south or southeast of Atlantic City on the Jersey shore. They’re probably on the continental shelf, and definitely much closer than anybody who lives there would prefer!

C-124 recovers. US Air Force photograph

Like the still-missing Tybee Bomb near Savannah in Georgia eventually the two missing devices were replaced in the inventory of Things That Go Boom. Old Shakey C-124As and C-124Cs would go on to ply US Air Force transport routes for another 19 years. But here’s the really strange part:  No public announcement of this incident was made at the time it happened. Perhaps that was to be expected, what with the Cold War raging and all. The incident was finally acknowledged as a Broken Arrow in 1980- a lost and still un-recovered atomic weapon, not by a public announcement, but by inclusion on a newly published government list. And those two Mark 5s? They’re still out there – two of a total of six (or 9, or 11 depending on the source) lost, but never found, atomic weapons.

C-124C. US Air Force photograph

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Bill Walton

Written by Bill Walton

Bill Walton is a life-long aviation enthusiast and expert in aircraft recognition. As a teenager Bill helped his engineer father build an award-winning T-18 homebuilt airplane in their Wisconsin basement. Bill is a freelance writer, an avid sailor, engineer, announcer, husband, father, uncle, mentor, coach, and Navy veteran. Bill lives north of Houston TX with his wife and son under the approach path to KDWH runway 17R, which means they get to look up at a lot of airplanes. A very good thing.

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